Tahiti 100 years ago and today [PICs]
In the span of 100 years, most places change considerably. Not Tahiti.
TAHITI HAS A LONG HISTORY. Located in the South Pacific, the island was first settled by Polynesians as early as 200 AD. It was later discovered by Europeans during the 16th century and eventually colonized by France. Now a part of French Polynesia, Tahiti is the political and economic capital of the autonomous overseas country.
While the islands have seen a lot of change over time, some things remain the same. Tahitians have maintained their rich cultural heritage and the islands themselves are as beautiful as ever.
The center of the island is home to tropical vegetation and cascading waterfalls. The image on the left depicts a verdant Tahitian valley in 1915 (Dr. Alfred G. Mayer), while the more recent image on the right shows hikers enjoying the same lush scenery today. Photo: Ty Sawyer
On the left is the Fautaua Waterfall, captured in 1906 (C.L. Wragge), and on the right is another waterfall located in the Papeno'o Valley of Tahiti. Photo: Ty Sawyer
There are many iconic sights in French Polynesia that give each island its unique character. Le Diadème crowns the island of Tahiti as the “Queen of the South Pacific.” On the left is a picture of these mountain peaks from 1906 (F. Homes), and on the right is a more recent picture taken from a similar vantage point. Photo: Tahiti Tourisme North America
Another classic sight in French Polynesia is the view of Moorea from Tahiti’s shore. On the left is a picture of the sun setting behind the island -- also once known as “Eimeo” -- in 1915 (Dr. Mayer), and on the right is a similar scene with a resort infinity pool in the foreground. Photo: Rémi Jouan
The Marquesas Islands have ancient stone statues hidden within dense vegetation. On the left is a picture taken in 1910 of the statue of King Takaii, located in the Paumau Valley on the island of Hiva Oa (F.W. Christian). On the right is the same tiki over a hundred years later. This statue stands approximately eight feet tall. Photo: Tahiti Tourisme North America
Tahiti is known for the existence of ancient temples called “marae.” Many of these sacred stone structures were destroyed but have since been restored. On the left is a depiction from 1910 of the Marae of Atahuru near the Punaruu River (F.W. Christian), and on the right is a restored marae on the island of Huahine. Photo by author.
Many of the housing structures in Tahiti are still built in a traditional Polynesian style using natural materials such as bamboo and pandanus leaves. On the left is a picture of a “fare” or native house in Tahiti, taken in 1910 (F.W. Christian), and on the right is a garden bungalow at the Huahine Te Tiare Beach Resort.
A traditional Tahitian meal is typically cooked in an underground oven. The picture on the left, taken in 1882, shows a pig and bananas ready to be covered up and roasted (Colonel Stuart-Wortley). The picture on the right shows a modern-day feast being prepared the same way. Photo: Zach Stovall
Dance is still an integral part of Tahitian culture. The picture on the left shows Tahitians posing in their famous “upa-upa” dance in 1920 (Anonymous). Today, the Heiva I Tahiti -- also known as “The Celebration of Life” -- is an annual festival that honors this tradition and showcases the very best in Polynesian dancing. Photo: Tahiti Tourisme North America
Also part of the Heiva I Tahiti, banana or "fei" carrying is a longstanding tradition in French Polynesia. Fruit vendors once used wooden poles to transport bananas to and from the downtown market. The image on the left shows a Tahitian carrying his supply of bananas into Papeete in 1906 (Coulon). Still celebrated today, Tahitians have turned this old practice into a fun, competitive race. Photo: Doug Steele
Whether for sport or leisure, outrigger canoeing is a staple of Tahitian culture. Also known as “va’a,” this custom is still widely practiced today. On the left is a picture taken in the Opunohu Bay of Moorea in 1910 (Lucien Gauthier), and on the right is a group of Tahitians paddling their canoe at sunset -- with the prominent silhouette of Moorea seen in the background. Photo: Tahiti Tourisme North America
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